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A speaker's guidebook : text and reference Náhled dokumentu
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A speaker's guidebook : text and reference

Autor Dan O'Hair; Robert A Stewart; Hannah Rubenstein
Vydavatel: Boston : Bedford/St. Martins, ©2012.
Vydání/formát:   Tištěná kniha : English : 5th edZobrazit všechny vydání a formáty
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Žánr/forma: Handbooks and manuals
Handbooks, manuals, etc
Typ dokumentu Kniha
Všichni autoři/tvůrci: Dan O'Hair; Robert A Stewart; Hannah Rubenstein
ISBN: 9780312642860 0312642865 9780312657901 0312657900
OCLC číslo: 768419946
Poznámky: Spiral comb binding.
Popis: xlviii, 587 pages : color illustrations ; 24 cm
Obsahy: [I.] Getting started with confidence : Becoming a public speaker : Why study public speaking? ; The classical roots of public speaking ; Public speaking and other forms of communication ; Public speaking as an interactive communication process ; Learning to speak in public --
Giving it a try: preparing your first speech : A brief overview of the speechmaking process ; Taking the plunge --
[II.] Public speaking basics : Managing speech anxiety : What makes us anxious about public speaking? ; Pinpoint the onset of public speaking anxiety ; Use proven strategies to build your confidence --
Listeners and speakers : The selective nature of listening ; Listening and speaking as dialogic communications ; Barriers to active listening ; Becoming a more active listener ; Active listening and critical thinking ; Guidelines for evaluating speeches and presentations --
Ethical public speaking : Take responsibility for your words ; Use your rights of free speech responsibly ; Observe the ground rules for ethical speaking ; Avoid plagiarism ; Respect the laws of copyright and fair use --
[III.] Audience analysis and topic selection : Analyzing the audience : Adapt to audience psychology: who are your listeners? ; Adapt to audience demographics ; Adapt to cultural values ; Techniques for learning about your audience ; Analyze the speech setting --
Selecting a topic and purpose : Assigned versus self-selected topics ; Identify the general speech purpose ; Choosing a topic for your speech ; Refine the topic and purpose ; From topic and purpose to thesis statement ; Make the thesis statement relevant and motivating --
[IV.] Supporting the speech : Developing supporting material : Use a variety of supporting materials ; Consider the target audience ; Offer examples ; Share stories ; Draw on testimony ; Provide facts and statistics ; Win acceptance of your supporting materials --
Locating supporting material : Before you begin: assess your research needs ; Locating secondary sources ; Generating primary sources: interviews and surveys ; Evaluate and document your sources --
Finding credible sources on the Internet : Begin your search at a library portal ; Make the most of Internet search tools ; Record and cite Internet sources --
Citing sources in your speech : Alert listeners to key source information ; Establish the source's trustworthiness ; Avoid a mechanical delivery ; Overview of source types with sample oral citations ; Properly citing facts and statistics ; Properly citing summarized, paraphrased, and quoted information --
[V.] Organizing and outlining : Organizing the speech : Beyond the speech: organizing as a life skill ; Parts of a speech ; Use main point to express key ideas ; Use supporting points to substantiate your claims ; Pay close attention to coordination and subordination ; Strive for a unified, coherent, and balanced outline ; Use transitions to give direction to the speech --
Types of organizational arrangements : Arranging speech points chronologically ; Arranging speech points using a spatial pattern ; Arranging speech points using a causal (cause-effect) pattern ; Arranging speech points using a problem-solution pattern ; Arranging speech points topically ; Arranging speech points using a narrative pattern ; Arranging speech points using a circular pattern ; Subpoints need not match the pattern of main points --
Outlining the speech : Plan on creating two outlines ; Create a working outline first ; Preparing the speaking outline --
[VI.] Introductions, conclusions, and language : Developing the introduction : Functions of the introduction ; Motivate the audience to accept your goals --
Developing the conclusion : Functions of conclusions ; Make the conclusion memorable --
Using language to style the speech ; Prepare your speeches for the ear ; Use concrete language and vivid imagery ; Choose language that builds credibility ; Choose language that creates a lasting impression --
[VII.] Vocal and nonverbal delivery --
Methods of delivery : Qualities of effective delivery ; Select a method of delivery --
The voice in delivery : Adjust your speaking volume ; Vary your intonation ; Adjust your speaking rate ; Use strategic pauses ; Strive for vocal variety ; Carefully pronounce and articulate words --
The body in delivery : Functions of nonverbal communication in delivery ; Pay attention to body movements ; Practice the delivery --
[VIII.] Presentation aids : Using presentation aids in speech : Functions of presentation aids ; Types of presentation aids ; Options for displaying the presentation aid --
Designing presentation aids : Focus on the message ; Strive for simplicity ; Focus on continuity ; Select appropriate typeface styles and fonts ; Use color carefully --
Using presentation software : It's a speech, not a slide show ; A brief guide to using PowerPoint ; Finding media for PowerPoint slides ; Developing PowerPoint slides for a speech --
[IX.] Forms of speeches : The informative speech : Focus on sharing knowledge ; Categories of informative speeches ; Decide how to convey the information ; Take steps to reduce confusion ; Arrange speech points in a pattern --
The persuasive speech : What is a persuasive speech? ; The process of persuasion ; Classical persuasive appeals: using proofs ; Contemporary persuasive appeal: needs and motivations --
Developing arguments for the persuasive speech : What is an argument? Types of claims, evidence, and warrants ; Fallacies in reasoning --
Organizing the persuasive speech : Factors to consider when choosing an organizational pattern ; Problem-solution pattern of arrangement ; Monroe's motivated sequence ; Comparative advantage pattern of arrangement ; Refutation pattern of arrangement --
Special occasion speeches : Functions of special occasion speeches --
Types of special occasion speeches --
[X.} Speaking beyond the speech classroom : Preparing online presentations : Online and face-to-face speaking: how do they compare? ; Real-time versus recorded: plan for the delivery mode --
Online presentation formats: from single speaker to panel ; Online presentation platforms: from podcast to webinar ; Online presentations checklist: planning ahead --
Collaborating and presenting in groups : Becoming an effective group participant ; Adopting an effective leadership style ; Making presentations in teams --
Speaking in other college courses : Presentational versus public speaking ; Typical speaking assignments across the curriculum ; Presenting to different audiences ; Speaking in science and mathematics courses ; Speaking in technical courses ; Speaking in social sciences courses ; Speaking in arts and humanities courses ; Speaking in education courses ; Speaking in nursing and allied health courses --
Business and professional presentations : The case study ; Sales presentations ; Proposals ; Staff reports ; Progress reports ; Crisis-response presentations --
Sample speeches : Sample visual annotated informative speech : The history and sport of mountain biking / Zachery Dominque --
Sample persuasive speech : Remarks at a human trafficking symposium, Washington, D.C. / W. Ralph Basham --
Sample special occasion speech : 2008 Harvard University Commencement Address / J.K. Rowling --
Reference and research appendices : Handling question-and-answer sessions --
Preparing for mediated communication --
Public discussions: panels, symposiums, and forums --
Commonly mispronounces words --
Chicago documentation --
APA documentation --
MLA documentation --
CBE/CSE documentation --
IEEE documentation --
Odpovědnost: Dan O'Hair, Rob Stewart, Hannah Rubenstein.
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